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JanPratinidhi
JanPratinidhi

International Democracy Day Updates

Janpratinidhi.com is celebrating International Democracy day

International Democracy Day Updates
  • 15-Sep-2014 11:09:13 PM

    Janpratinidhi is changing the course of democracy

    The real test for democracy is its ability to reach the people. Gone are the days when the politicians will hide behind the fig leaf giving excuse of lack of accessibility for communicating with the voters.The medium of communications has changed so as the techniques of real saviors of democracy who are spearheading a revolution in disseminating information about democracy.



    Janpratinidhi.com is one such archetypal site, which was started with an aim to educate the masses about strengthening the democracy.



    The basic objective is to engage the masses to vent their anger against the apathy of its leaders. The discontentment, which has become symbolic of our people can be solved if we raise our collective voice. Here Janpratindhi plays an important role of a facilitator to raise the awareness. The features like evaluate a candidate, compare performance, giving insights into various initiatives, déjà vu etc. focuses on our initiative to rope in the common electorate of the country.



    Our initiative does not end with India; we have plans to make democracy vibrant across the world. Plans are afoot to make the site more dynamic by starting the services for 155 other democratic countries. Our resolve is to create a platform for the like minded people to interact on democratic issues around the globe.  We will connect the voters throughout the world.



    Democracy which started from Greece has seen many ups and downs. 

    The modern democracy needs a check by the media so that no Guantanamo bay or Abu Ghraib is repeated. We seek to turn your voice into action.



    Our aim is future of democracy which at times is easily threatened by the brutal forces. As a custodian of true values we seek to popularize good practices of the democracy.Never in the history has such medium been offered which is so empathetic to the cause of common people. Support us in taking your voice to the elected representatives for making better future of the country and world.  



    Image courtesy: http://goo.gl/BiCW9z

     

  • 15-Sep-2014 11:09:39 PM

    How Democracy Evolved

    Democracy is a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral. In a nutshell, it means rule by the people. The ancient Greeks anticipated its inception who coalesced the words demos, meaning people and krates, meaning rule.



    The term democracy first appeared around 2500 years ago in the ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical era. It was led by Cleisthenes, which is called “father of Athenian democracy”, as Athenians established the first democracy in 508-507 BC reckoning the former as the prototype. It was direct democracy in form, which selected the common mass randomly to fill the few existing government administrative and judicial offices, and a legislative assembly consisting of all Athenian citizens. Eligible citizens had a right to voice up their opinion and vote in the assembly, however, women, slaves, foreigners, non-landowners, and males under 20 years old, which reflects the understanding of citizenship in the ancient Greek.



    The middle age, also known as the Dark Ages, was noted for the fall of the Roman Empire and the emergence of European history. Various systems were established, but democracy wasn’t much prominent during the period.  Christianity was what people majorly followed, which taught them that all men were created equal, only a small number of the population followed and was involved in democracy. During this time, feudalism also developed. It stressed that all people had certain rights and established a system of courts to defend these rights.



    In the year 1215, King John had all control and decisions in his hands, leaving no freedom for the common mass. The Magna Carta, a historical document that means ‘Great Charter’ in Latin, took some of the King’s powers and rendered some rights and freedom to the people. Dissatisfaction for the King’s rule, made the barons of England write the Magna Carta as he was abusing his powers and increasing taxes. It was comprised of 63 clauses promising all freemen access to the courts and a fair trial, eliminating unfair fines and punishments and giving power to the Catholic Church in England instead of the king. It was a breakthrough for the British Law and became the basis for many international constitutions, including the Australian Constitution.

    The American Revolution is also considered to be a milestone in the history of democracy. Its first step was to create the Declaration of Independence, which was written by the American President, Thomas Jefferson in the year 1776. It followed the philosophy of Jean Jacques Rousseau and John Locke, which gave shape to freedom and equality.



    After going through several wars, revolutions, decolonization and economic circumstances, it was in the 20th century that modern democracy came into existence. The system got widespread recognition and got adopted by many nations, which gradually became the standard form of human society. However, it meant that the community would be run by meetings attended by every citizen that became very complex in every which way. After scrutinizing and contemplating over facts, it was decided that a representative would be elected on the behalf of the rest of the mass. After a certain number of years, elections would be held in the democratic nations to select a representative. The representatives usually belonged political parties. After the election, the representative would work for the welfare of the citizens.



    India is known to be the world’s largest democracy by electorate being the seventh largest and the second most populous nation in the world. Before democracy came into power in the country, it had to go through many years of colonization, first by the Mughals and then Europeans. Finally in the year 1947, it got freedom and became an independent nation and democratic nation holding elections after every five years. The country has six main national parties: the Indian National Congress (INC), Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP), Communist Party of India (CPI) and the Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP). Other than these parties, many regional parties also stand up in elections.



    Democracy till date has been considered the most efficient way to govern different nations by their respective authorities. However, everything has two sides, that is, pros and cons. In this case, acute corruption is the major problem, which may be resolved gradually with the passage of time.



    Image courtesy: http://goo.gl/i0rrt8

  • 15-Sep-2014 10:09:48 PM

    Keep the faith of democracy alive

    The quality of democracy is always measured in terms of the freedom that citizens in any democratic country enjoy. Any attemptto marginalize the freedom will have its effect on the democracy. Modern day democracy has become a way of life for citizens of many countries but it still remains a chimera for many countries where freedom is crushed particularly in sub-Saharan areas. 



    Before we discuss the world scenario it is better to take a look at the status of democracy in our country. What are the biggest threats to democracy? Certainly communalism ranks above every problem in the country. The mere motive to gain political mileage in the name of religion has shamed the country. The nation remained the mute spectator when Babri mosque was demolished, Gujarat riots took place and in many cases the Muslim youths were being killed by police in fake encounters. The shame did not stop there but the tardy judicial process ensured that the powerful people escaped the loop. Communalism has certainly alienated the youths from the minority community. They find themselves stifled and many have joined the terror outfits to avenge the insult heaped to them. Certainly in a healthy democracy the majority shares a good rapport with the minority. But in India communal violence flares up at the drop of the hat. Even slightest of incidence results in bigger catastrophe like what happened in case of Muzzafarnagar riots.



    The violent upsurge in democracy is not a good signal for its functioning. Another issue, which threatens the democracy, is the class struggle. The movement that started from Naxalbari in 1960s has assumed gigantic proportion. Naxalism is becoming the biggest threat for the India democracy. According to a data by 2009 nearly 180 districts in 10 states were affected by it. The red corridor is giving sleepless nights to the security forces. The tribal people who were once known for their gullibility and non-violence are joining the naxalites in hordes. The dream of India to make it free of hunger and poverty has not achieved the desired result, which is often used as propaganda by the naxalites to get its fresh recruits. The red terror seeks to establish a Maoist regime by 2050.



    Another issue that has divided India for centuries is its rigid caste system. The people from the lower castes have been persecuted for centuries. The founding fathers of democracy tried to do the justice by giving them the political reservation so that their voices could be heard. But the nature of reservation has also changed over the years. Now the reservation plank is raked up to broaden the vote bank. The opportunist leaders in attempt to seize the opportunity befuddle the masses, which has very dangerous consequences for the country. But there is no stopping to the problem,which has the potential to tear apart the country.



    The hydra headed problems do not stop herewith regionalism emerging as another factor, which can destroy the basic fabric of our democracy. The states have been asking for more autonomy on the linguistic ground. The voice of dissent is coming from many parts of the country to create separate state for them, which includes demand for creation of Vidarbha, Harit Pradesh, Poorvanchal etc. The Telangana agitation put the country on tenterhooks, which has put lot of strain on state exchequer after it was carved out from Andhra Pradesh. Regionalism is dangerous as it not only put pressure on state exchequer but also impacts the unity of the country. 



    The democracy is surviving in the country because of the will of the people who want to elect their own government. But people are not similarly enlightened everywhere.  In just our immediate neighborhood Pakistan the democracy, which was re installed just six years back is facing serious dangers. Forget the army which has been usurping the power in past.  Even a band of agitators led by PTI chief threatens the democracy exposing chinks in the armor. The democracy in Pakistan remains as unstable as before.



    The countries where democracy was thrust upon by US are also facing serious problems. Democracy in Iraq is threatened by Islamic State, which has its own plans of Muslim caliphate. Similarly the tussle for power goes on between Ashraf Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah in Afghanistan for the Presidency. Abdullah has accused Ghani of electoral fraud.



    In Africa where democracy is still to fledge its wings the democracy is threatened in Liberia. There is widespread criticism of Ellen Johnson Sirleaf to handle the Ebola crisis, which has led to an anti-Sirleaf campaign. The democracy is just over a decade old in Liberia and if Sirleaf is removed that will adversely affect the democracy in that country.



    Even in the backyard of USA democracy is not safe with FARC unleashing reign of terror against the government forces.  



    Even in the backyard of USA democracy is not safe with FARC unleashing reign of terror against the government forces.  



    Image courtesy: http://goo.gl/rYG3iX

  • 15-Sep-2014 06:09:08 PM
  • 15-Sep-2014 06:09:06 PM